When done right, horse show grooming can be an easy and routine part of
your horse show experience. There are simple tricks to keep the process
smooth and stress-free for both you and your horse.
Before you advance into the world of horse
show grooming, make sure you master the basics of general horse
grooming. Without the basic foundation of grooming knowledge, getting
prepped for show could cause a few more headaches than you need.
Before setting off to clip your horse, you will want to make sure you
have the right clippers to get the job done. When it comes to selecting
clippers for horse show grooming, you will need to do a little
Keep in mind the type of work you will be doing on your horse. There
are many shapes and sizes when searching for new clippers. They can
range from light to medium to heavy in size and intended use. The
manufacturer should list intended uses on the package. Generally
clippers used for light use or trimming are meant for clipping your
horses ears and face. The heavier use clippers are generally used for
body clipping or clipping larger areas of hair.
The size of your clipper blade is also important in determining how
fine the clippers will cut. For example, a size 40 blade produces a
very fine cut and is most suitable for working over the face and ears.
Other blade sizes will work as well, just keep in mind that the lower
you go from 40, the more blunt the cut and longer the hair that will be
left behind. Clipper blades range in size from 3 3/4 to 40.
I tend to rely a little on word of mouth when looking for a new set of
clippers. I have found that it is beneficial to borrow clippers from
fellow barn mates at a show (especially when your own clippers decide
to die after one ear is clipped).
Bottom line, the clippers you select are crucial to your horse show
Ready to get started? With your clippers in hand and your horse
securely tied, you are now ready to clip him for show.
During the off season from showing (if you have
one long enough) your horse will grow longer whiskers on his muzzle.
This is usually and easier area to clip in the horse show grooming
process. Make sure you turn your clippers on to test how they are
running and to see how your horse reacts to the noise. You want to turn
them on before touching your horse with them to avoid possibly
startling your horse.
Once your clippers are on and your horse is aware of them, place the
clippers over his muzzle with the flat side of the blade on him. Then
move over his muzzle working your way around the front, sides, and back
of his muzzle. The clipper placement is to ensure a smooth and closer
trim than if you were to hold the blade to his muzzle at an angle.
Make sure you get all the long hairs on the front of the nose and even
gently work the clippers into the nostril area. I recommend looking at
your horse's muzzle from a variety of angles to make sure you don't
miss any major areas. Sometimes the lighting in the barn can be poor so
take your horse out into the natural sunlight if you can.
Some horses don't like the noise or the vibration of the clippers. In
this case you can try using a disposable shaver for your horse show
grooming to clean up the muzzle, it works quite well and gets a very
close shave. I have even used a razor after using the clippers to get
the smaller and finer hairs off the muzzle. Getting a horse used to the
clippers (especially one that will be shown) should be a regular part
of its early training program because clipping will be a regular part
of your horse show grooming regimen.
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If you look around your horse's eyes you will see some longer hairs
around the top and bottom of the eye. It is recommended that these
hairs be trimmed off as well in the horse show grooming process.
You may want to rub the clippers around your horse's face a little to
make sure he is still calm about the the sound and feel around his
face. Take a little extra caution when running the clippers near the
eye. When clipping the hairs above the eye you will want to place the
clippers again flat side down and you may cover your horse's eye if you
When working on the hairs below the eye try holding your horse's eye.
Move the clippers in an upward motion, taking care not to trim the
eyelashes on the upper lid.
Again if your horse doesn't like the clippers you can use a disposable
razor blade for your horse show grooming with caution instead.
Next on your clipping list for horse show
grooming is trimming the bridle path. The bridle path is the area which
the crown piece of the halter or bridle rests near your horse's poll
The length of the bridle path should only be as long as the horse's
ear. To measure this you can press your horse's ear back and flat to
his neck. You may also want to tie back the portion of the mane you
will not be cutting, or you can simply hold it out of
the way. Work in a front to back motion or vice versa, whichever is
more comfortable for you.
When clipping your horse's ears you will want to fold the edges
together, cupping his ear. The first few strokes with the clipper
should be in a downward motion at the edges of the horse's ear. Once
this is completed open the ear up and begin trimming the inside of the
Continue working in the downward motion for the upper part of the ear.
For the hair at the base, you may want to clip in an upward motion
while scooping the hair out of the way.
Many horses are great with all other clipping except the ears. If your
horse is having trouble with this part of your horse show grooming, you
can use a twitch to divert his attention from the clippers. You may
want someone else to assist you by holding the horse and the twitch
while you focus on clipping.
You may also want to consider clipping your
horse's legs if you plan on making an appearance in a showmanship
class. Start by clipping the overhanging hairs around the coronet band.
To do this you will use an upward motion.
You may also need to trim a little higher on the legs to get some of
longer hairs around the fetlock. Horse show grooming principles for
clipping legs involve a downward direction on a dark-coated horse, and
an upward motion on white legs.
Body clipping is a heavy-duty and very time-consuming task. Make sure
you have the time and the dedication to complete this task. Usually you
will need to body clip if you are heading to a show during colder
weather and your horse has already grown his coat.
You will need a heavy set of clippers to finish the job. If you try to
body clip with a lighter pair of clippers you will likely burn out the
motor or dull the blades.
Mane & Tail
Your horse's mane and tail are also an
important part of the horse show
grooming process. When you show, the mane will either need to be banded
or braided. However, you may see horses with long mane making a
comeback in the western pleasure arena.
You will need to trim the mane to an even
length. The length to which you will cut your horse's mane may depend
on your use in the show ring and personal preference with horse show
grooming. If you are showing strict western classes, you may want the
mane a little shorter since you will likely only be banding. If you are
going to be competing in more english or hunter classes you will want
to consider braiding the mane and therefore leave it a little longer.
Your horse's tail will also need some regular maintenance for horse
show grooming to keep it in top shape. If the tail is generally loose
and not tied up or in a sock on a regular basis you will want to make
sure you set aside time to comb through the tail.
If you choose to tie up the tail, there are a variety of tail socks
that you can use. It is a great way to keep the tail clean and out of
the way when you are working your horse. If he has a naturally long
tail, a sock will keep him from stepping on it. I have had better
success using the tail bags that you have to braid-in than the single
socks that you just tie-in.
Banding & Braiding
Usually after I get done bathing before a
show, I move right into the
banding portion of my horse show grooming process. Once again make sure
your horse is secure because he will have to stand still somewhat for
you to get his mane ready.
Banding is the easier and more common way to go. If you are showing at
a smaller show in both english and western events, banding is a good
choice. When you start banding you may want to have a step stool to
help you reach your horse's mane a little easier.
When starting it is easier to wet down the section of mane you will be
working on. Separate out a small section of hair, about 1 inch in
length. Clip back the rest of the mane to avoid banding in stray hairs
at random. Next, wrap the band around this section of mane at the top
near the skin. Continue to hold the section by applying a downward
pressure which will help it to lay flat once it is banded.
Continue this process down the mane, trying to maintain even and
straight lines with your sections.
Braiding is a little more difficult part of the horse show grooming
process. You will need special braiding tools and a little bit of skill
to braid. You can do this by using bands, yarn, or a combination.
You want to section the mane off as you did for banding. You will then
want to braid down each section with or without yarn in the braid. Loop
the braid up and underneath the top of the braid and pull it through.
Then use the excess yarn or a band to tie it and secure it. It will
take some practice to get this right. If you are short on time and need
your horse's mane braided, there is also the option to have someone
braid your horse for a fee.
Once you are finished with your horse's mane you will want to make sure
the mane will lay flat at the show the next day. Use a lycra or
stretchy hood to secure the mane in place. Then if you wish to do so,
put a sheet over your horse to keep him clean even if he lays down over
night. You can now take a breath because you are done with your horse
show grooming for one night. Get some sleep because tomorrow will be a
The Morning Of The Show
A few hours in the morning before the
horse show starts may seem like
plenty of time, but trust me it goes by very fast. If you are in
showmanship or halter you will want to use this time wisely and get
your horse polished for your class.
This part of horse show grooming is made up of touch-ups and finishing
touches. Lunge your horse first if he needs a bit of exercise before
For my morning horse show grooming I usually start with the legs and
feet. Begin by cleaning off any dirt on the legs or hooves, which may
involve a quick hosing off to get the feet clean. If your horse has
white socks or markings on his legs that you intend to brighten, do
this BEFORE you move onto hoof polish.
I have used both spray white and baby powder and tend to lean more
toward the spray because it makes a little less mess. If you are using
a spray white, you will want to be a little careful not to spray the
hoof or the tail. If you do have an accident and get paint where it
doesn't belong, rubbing alcohol works wonders to get those stains out.
Once your white touch-ups are complete you can
move on to hoof polish. I usually do this out of the stall area in the
aisle. Trying to get polish on in the stall is pointless because odds
are your horse will move and now you have shavings embedded in the
polish before it has a chance to dry. There are horse show grooming
mats you can get your horse to stand on which make it even easier.
There are a couple of horse show grooming rules you need to keep in
mind when choosing and applying hoof polish. On quarter horses and even
most paints you will be able to use black hoof polish. I believe with
paint horses you have the option to also use clear polish. However, if
you are showing an Appaloosa DO NOT USE BLACK HOOF POLISH even if you
have a darker horse. The Appaloosa is a color breed and you must used
the clear polish to exhibit the stripped hooves which are one of its
Clear polish is easy to apply, and if you mess up a little it won't
show. On the other hand, if you are working with black hoof polish I
recommend using a pair of gloves and keeping some rubbing alcohol
nearby. If your horse decides to move at just the right moment and you
wind up with a nice black spot on his leg instead of his hoof, simply
apply some rubbing alcohol to a rag or towel as well as directly to the
spot and scrub a little to get it out. It is a simple horse show
grooming trick that has helped me out a time or two.
Once all four hooves are polished they will need some time to dry (this
is why I start with the legs). Next you can move on to finishing the
mane and tail for show. You will want to brush out the tail, making
sure all the shavings are out that may have been picked up during the
night. Once combed through you can now move on to adding in the tail
extension if you are choosing to use one.
Placing a tail extension in depends on the type of tie-in you have. You
want the tail below the tailbone and deep enough under to give a more
natural appearance. I usually clip up the overlying hair of the tail
and hold the extension in the tail about where I want it. You want your
tail to hang at about the level of the fetlock and not any lower. If a
tail is too low you run the risk of having your horse step on it.
Once you decide the depth and about the height you want, go ahead and
select a small section of tail at that area to braid. You will use this
braid to secure the tail in place. You will only need to braid about
2-3 inches, but make sure it is thick enough to support the weight of
the tail. Secure the end of the braid with 1-2 bands. Now that your
braid is complete, place your tail extension against the braid to
double check the height you will need.
If you have a tie-in, proceed to using the strings at the top of the
extension to tie it in to the tail. For other varieties of tail
extensions you may need to use a different method to secure the
extension into the tail. I have also found that with the dark tails,
wrapping the top of the tail with some electrical tape will help give
some extra stability to the tail.
Once the tail is secure, unclip the overlying hair and blend the tail
with your fingers into the extension. You want to make sure you have
enough hair blended over the top of the tail extension to give it a
more natural look. You don't want the top part of the tail extension to
be visible through the tail. Once finished, the extension should blend
nicely with the rest of the tail.
If you have some time before your class, you can protect the tail while
you finish getting ready by applying a little vet wrap around the area
of the tail where the top part of the extension has been tied and taped
in. Another valuble horse show grooming trick.
Moving on, make sure you have time to check
your banding/braiding job. The sleezy or hood you put on should have
minimized the amount of touch-up work you need to do. Start by removing
the hood and check to see if all the bands/braids look secure and are
laying flat. You make have a few random sections that need attention.
Tighten those sections and give one last spray with some Quick Braid or
even regular hairspray (if you use hairspray, spray some in the palm of
your hand and then apply to the mane. This reduces the chances of you
spraying your horse in the eye).
Check over your horse's coat. You may need to polish it up with a dandy
brush and a dust rag. Once you have "dusted" your horse you can now
apply your coat polish over his coat. Get a few sprays in his tail as
well. Take the soft brush and dust rag over your horse's face. If he is
one that doesn't like the water on his face and head during bath time,
you can hand wash him with a damp rag.
Check over his face and head to make sure you didn't miss any stray
hairs in the ears or on the muzzle. I would recommend using some sort
of grease or highlighter over your horse's muzzle, eyes, and possibly
ears. If you don't want the grease on your hands you can use a rag or
towel. The highlighter will make your horse's face really shine in the
show ring. Once you are decked out in your showmanship outfit, keep in
mind your horse has grease on his face and that may not be good for a
lighter color outfit.
Now that your horse is ready to go you can safely assume that his
hooves are dry and you can let him relax in his stall. You may want to
tie your horse in the stall after he is ready to keep him from lying
down. If you have a while you can tie some hay up in a bag for him and
make sure he has access to his water bucket. If this is the case you
may want to wait until your class is closer before putting the
highlighter on his muzzle. If he has it on and starts eating hay, he
won't have it on by the time he goes in the class.
Never tie your horse using your show halter (unless you possibly want
to spend the money on a new one). I would wait until you are ready to
head down to the show arena before putting it on. If you have to tie
him with it on, I would recommend putting his barn halter on over the
show halter and securing the tie to the barn halter.
Now your horse show grooming is done and
you are ready for the day! Have fun and don't forget to take the vet
wrap out of the tail before you show.